quinta-feira, 8 de novembro de 2012

The Hite Report - Shere Hite

The "Hite Report" was named after its author Shere Hite - an American sex educator and feminist. She became one of the most well known sex researchers of all times. 

Coming across this book my curiosity was suddenly sparked. I had heard of this book before but never imagined I would be able to get a copy to my hands - much less an English one!
Nonetheless there were many questions in my head concerning what the "Hite Reports" were all about and how they turned into such a famous and world-wide known book. 
Much to my surprise I discovered that they were nothing more than surveys that women from all over the USA (and a few other parts of the world as well) filled out answering the questions concerning their own sexuality and sex life. 
Shere Hite does seem to cover pretty much every single question in the book so the answers that were received shed light on all aspects of women's sexual life. 
One reason that the book is so different from most sexology books in the market is because it is very honest. Other than these women's answers there isn't much more put in by the author. It was basically just organized in different sections and categories and you aren't reading what the author has to say but yes to what thousands of girls of all ages go through when it comes to sex. Women just like me and you. 
More than just genitals this book clearly enters a woman's mind and all that is involved when you are talking about one of the most secret thoughts and feelings a woman would have. It's hundreds of women opening themselves up, baring their traumas, taboos, fetishes and fantasies. So I am pretty sure I can say that any woman that does get to read this book will definitely relate to it - not all of it of course - but to the whole general picture, that's for sure!!!

Wikipedia on Shere Hite:

Shere Hite (born November 2, 1942) is an American-born German[1] sex educator and feminist. Her sexological work has focused primarily on female sexuality. Hite builds upon biological studies of sex by Masters and Johnson and by Alfred Kinsey. She also references theoretical, political and psychological works associated with the feminist movement of the 1970s, such as Anne Koedt's The Myth of the Vaginal Orgasm. She renounced her United States citizenship in 1995 to become German.[2]

Early life, education, and career

Hite was born Shirley Diana Gregory in Saint Joseph, Missouri to Paul and Shirley Hurt Gregory. She later took the surname of her stepfather, Raymond Hite.[3] She graduated from Seabreeze High School in Daytona Beach, Florida. She received a masters degree in history from the University of Florida in 1967. She then moved to New York City and enrolled at Columbia University to work toward her Ph.D. in social history. Hite says that the reason for her not completing this degree was the conservative nature of Columbia at that time.[citation needed] In the 1970s, she did part of her research while at the National Organization for Women. She appeared nude in Playboy while studying at Columbia University and also posed provocatively in a typewriter ad to earn money for her college fees, but when she read the ad’s strapline, “The typewriter is so smart she doesn’t have to be”, she joined a feminist protest against the ad she had appeared in.[4]
Hite teaches at Nihon University (Tokyo, Japan), Chongqing University in China, and Maimonides University, North Miami Beach, Florida, USA.[1]

[edit]Research focus

Hite has focused on understanding how individuals regard sexual experience and the meaning it holds for them. Hite's work showed that 70% of women do not have orgasms through in-out,thrusting intercourse but are able to achieve orgasm easily by masturbation or other direct clitoral stimulation.[5][6][7] She, as well as Elisabeth Lloyd, have criticized Masters and Johnson for uncritically incorporating cultural attitudes on sexual behavior into their research; for example, the argument that enough clitoral stimulation to achieve orgasm should be provided by thrusting during intercourse, and the inference that the failure of this is a sign of female "sexual dysfunction."[7] Whilst not denying that both Kinsey and Masters and Johnson have been a crucial step in sex research, Hite believes that society must understand the cultural and personal construction of sexual experience to make the research relevant to sexual behavior outside the laboratory. She offered that limiting test subjects to "normal" women who report orgasming during coitus was basing research on the faulty assumption that having an orgasm during coitus was typical, something that her own research strongly refuted.[5]


Hite uses an individualistic research method. Thousands of responses from anonymous questionnaires were used as a framework to develop a discourse on human responses to gender and sexuality. Her conclusions derived from these questionnaire data have met with methodological criticism.[8] The fact that her data are not probability samples raises concerns about whether the sample data can be generalised to relevant populations. As is common with surveys concerning sensitive subjects, such as sexual behaviour, the proportion of nonresponse is typically large. Thus the conclusions derived from the data may not represent the views of the population under study because of bias due to nonresponse.[9] Hite supporters defend her methodology by saying that it is more likely to get to the truth of women's sexuality than studying women engaged in prostitution as if they were exemplary of women in general, or to study in laboratory conditions women who claim to orgasm during coitus.
Hite has been praised for her theoretical fruitfulness in sociological research.[10] The suggestion of bias in some of Hite's studies is frequently used as a talking point in university courses wheresampling methods are discussed, along with the Literary Digest poll of 1936. One discussion of sampling bias is by Philip Zimbardo,[11] who explained that women in Hite's study were given a survey about marriage satisfaction, where 98% reported dissatisfaction, and 75% reported having had extra-marital affairs, but where only 4% of women given the survey responded. Zimbardo argued that the women who had dissatisfaction may have been more motivated to respond than women who were satisfied and that her research may just have been "science-coded journalism." On the other hand, social science methodological differences when questions are on publicly consequential subjects, e.g., immediacy vs. time for thoughtfulness when answering, can result in differences in honesty and promises of confidentiality are not all equally believed by prospective respondents, affecting respondents' openness and honesty. Some or all of her published surveys[12][13] depended on wide multi-channel questionnaire distribution, opportunity for many long answers on a respondent's own schedule, enforced respondent anonymity, and response by mail rather than polling by telephone.

[edit]Personal life

Hite has no children.[14] In 1985 she married German concert pianist Friedrich Horicke, who is 19 years her junior.[15] The couple divorced in 1999.[16]

[edit]Notable works

  • Sexual Honesty, by Women, For Women (1974)
  • The Hite Report on Female Sexuality (1976, 1981, republished in 2004)
  • The Hite Report on Men and Male Sexuality (1981)
  • Women and Love: A Cultural Revolution in Progress (The Hite Report on Love, Passion, and Emotional Violence) (1987)
  • Fliegen mit Jupiter (English: Flying with Jupiter) (1993)
  • The Hite Report on the Family: Growing Up Under Patriarchy (1994)
  • The Hite Report on Shere Hite: Voice of a Daughter in Exile (2000) (autobiography)
  • The Shere Hite Reader: New and Selected Writings on Sex, Globalization and Private Life (2006)

Um comentário:

  1. Shere Hite is a German woman, born in the United States. She renounced to her American nationality and recovered her German one after receiving threats and hatred from women in the USA. So, please correct your starting parragraph.